Technology is not innately good. It can be misused. It can be used to exploit, constrain, pry, and fool. The answer is not in technology. It is in culture, law, and shared expectations of fair play.

If the relevant parties do not do enough, or progress is unacceptably slow, the Minister and I will recommend making open access publication mandatory in 2016 under the Higher Education and Research Act (Wet op het hoger onderwijs en wetenschappelijk onderzoek, WHW). (

That’s a statement from Sander Dekker, the Dutch State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science, in January 2014.  Sounds pretty good, right?  OA ftw!  But consider the fact that it’s prefaced in the same document by this statement:

My preference is “golden” open access; in other words, publication in journals that make research articles available online free of charge. My aim is for the Netherlands to have switched entirely to the golden road to open access within ten years, in other words by 2024.



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Arriving at each new city, the traveler finds again a past of his that he did not know he had: the foreignness of what you no longer are or no longer possess lies in wait for you in foreign, unpossessed places.